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A Ribonucleotide Molecule
Consists of phosphate, ribose and base
Genetic Information Carrier
Existing in biological cells, some viruses and viroids
A Chain-Like Molecule
Condensed by ribonucleotides via phosphodiester bonds
A (adenine), G (guanine), C (cytosine) and U (uracil)
A strand of DNA is used as a template for synthesizing a strand of RNA by RNA polymerase (e.g. T7 Thermostable RNA Polymerase). During this process, RNA polymerase binds to a site called the promoter and starts copying the nucleotides, where deoxyribonucleotides are replaced by ribonucleotides.
Complementary DNA (cDNA) is generated from an RNA template by reverse transcriptase (e.g. Ultra Thermo-stable M-MLV Reverse Transcriptase). During this process, RNasin is usually used to prevent the degradation of the RNA templates.
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